All Continuums of Care are required to conduct a Point in Time (PIT) count (i.e., persons living on the street, in emergency and transitional shelters on a single night). The count must include population and subpopulation data for the county. The PIT count should be conducted using statistically reliable, unduplicated counts or estimates of homeless persons in shelterd and unsheltered locations on a single night.
During the PIT count, CoCs should submit information on the following household types:
- Persons in households with at least one adult and one child. This category includes households with one adult and at least one child under the age of 18.
- Person in households without children. This category includes single adults, adult couples with no children, and groups of adults.
- Person in households with only children. This category includes persons under age 18, including unaccompanied children, adolescent parents and their children, adolescent siblings, or other household configurations composed only of children.
CoCs are required to collect both the number of persons and the number of households for each household type.
HUD requires that CoCs identify counts of specific subpopulations for all sheltered persons.
- Chronically Homeless Individuals: Required for sheltered and unsheltered persons.
- Chronically Homeless Families: Required for sheltered and unsheltered persons.
- Veterans: Required for sheltered and unsheltered persons.
- Severely Mentally Ill: Required for sheltered persons.
- Chronic Substance Abuse: Required for sheltered persons.
- Persons with HIV/AIDS: Required for sheltered persons.
- Victims of Domestic Violence: Required for sheltered persons.
- Unaccompanied Child (under 18): Required for sheltered persons.
To determine chronic homeless status, CoCs must use HUD's definition of chronically homeless.
Using HMIS Data for the PIT
Where possible, CoCs are encouraged to use HMIS to generate PIT data for programs with 100% of their beds participating in HMIS.